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Faroe Islands are located in the autonomous region of the Kingdom of Denmark in north central North Atlantic. With an area of 1,399 km2, Faroe Islands consist of 17 residential islands and various isles, mainly including Stolen Island, Oest Island, Vagar Island, and Sood Island, etc. The topography within the boundaries is high-rise and rugged with numerous cliffs, steep mountains, deep valleys and gulfs. It belongs to the mild oceanic climate with little change in temperature. Faroe Islands have a population of about 50,000, nearly all of whom are Faroese, the descendants of Scandinavian. The major language is Faroese, with Danish for general use. Most people are Christians. Torshavn is the capital.

Around 700AD, Irish monks immigrated into the islands. Around 1000AD, King of Norway enabled the islanders to become Christians. In 1035, Faroe Islands become the dependent territory of Norway, but controlled by Denmark after 1380. In 1709, the Islands were separated from Norway and affiliated to Zealand Diocese, which monopolized the trade in Danish royal family as well. During World War II, the Islands were under British control, and became the autonomous region within Denmark since 1948.

Faroe Islands are rich in fishery resources around. In addition to the self-sufficiency of fishery products and some mutton, all other food and daily necessities are imported. The output of fishing and fishery product processing industry accounts for about 1/3 of GNP, with the export accounting for 95% of the total exports. In 1988, the GNP totaled 6.421 billion Danish Krone. Due to lower temperature in summer, only potatoes and vegetables are grown, rich in grassland and developed animal husbandry. Denmark is the major trade target for Faroe Islands.


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